Tag Archives: Fish

Caribbean Flying Fish

These fish saying the name. They are the owners of the magnificent “wings”- large pectoral fins, through which they can “soar above the ocean spaces. The speed of such a flight can reach 60 km / h.  Flying fish are found in warm water with a temperature above 20 C. In all there are 64 species of flying fish: 20 of them can be found in the eastern Pacific Ocean, 16 species – in the Atlantic Ocean, etc. The greatest number of flying fish found in the Caribbean Sea off the coast of Barbados.

Toxic And Ugly… Stone Fish

One of the most toxic and also the ugliest of marine animals stone fish. She also called tuberculosis . This being only 15-20 centimeters in length, with an ugly big head, small eyes and large mouth with a jutting lower jaw. Naked, without scales, brownish-brown, sometimes with light spots and stripes, the body of the fish-stone covered mounds and warts, and a dorsal fin sticking out hard poisonous spines.

If people come to fish, stone or accidentally touches her, she immediately plunge into a fin spines at the base of which are poisonous glands. Stone fish is  extremely dangerous. There are cases when people die in a few hours or even minutes after the injection of poisonous spines.

Fish-stone found in the Red Sea, Indian Ocean, the Pacific Islands and northern Australia, whose inhabitants call it warty vampire. People who are lucky enough to survive a shot often remain disabled, because its venom destroys erythrocytes and invades the central nervous system.

Top 10 Most Diabolical Fish On Earth

Yet there are a few species that are more loathsome to our tastes. These are creatures straight out of nightmares – some more fangs than fish; others that look like they’ve barely swum out of the primeval sludge. But though we’d like to think we’re no relation to these demons of the deep, in the evolutionary scheme of things all us land vertebrates are derived from our fishy cousins.

1. Piranha Fish


While the threat this little teeth-with-gills poses to humans has been rather blown up in films – including its own self-titled horror B movie – the Piranha has a set of jaws to make any dentist nod with nervous approval. Its rows of razor-sharp gnashers are tightly packed and interlock with each other, teeth perfectly designed for the rapid piercing and shearing of meat – for which the Piranha has a rapacious appetite, as if you needed to know. The Piranha is also aggressive to its own kind and can become cannibalistic if underfed.

2. Anglerfish

Fish don’t come much more monstrous looking than the deep sea Anglerfish. Lurking far below the surface of the ocean, this bony beast of a fish is so called because of its distinctive method of catching prey using a fleshy lump that protrudes from its head like a fisherman’s lure. The Anglerfish is able to cheekily wiggle its growth so it appears as prey to other predators, the bait made even more alluring by the fact that it emits bright bioluminescent light. When the unsuspecting victim stays close enough, the anglerfish devours it whole, jaws triggered automatically by contact with the decoy.

3.Moray Eel

Found all over the world skulking in reef crevices – where it waits for prey to pass by near enough for it to lunge at and seize in its powerful jaws – the Moray Eel is a fish best steered clear of. This fearsome carnivore feeds on sea-dwelling creatures, but can also inflict severe injuries on people that get too close for comfort. Apparently the Moray is more often aloof than ill tempered, and will only attack humans in self-defence or bite hands by mistake if fed. When disturbed, however, it is vicious; and the bacteria coating its sharp backward-pointing teeth can infect wounds, making for an extra beastly bite.

4. Tigerfish

No prizes for guessing some of the reasons the Tigerfish got its name. With a gaping maw made up of an extremely well developed mouth with protruding teeth, this definitely isn’t the kind of fish you’d like to meet in a dark corner of the river. The Tigerfish is just as ferocious as it looks – fiercely territorial and known for being a voracious predator.

5.Snakehead Fish

Previously introduced in these columns when it was reported to have invaded Britain, the Snakehead fish can be one mean mother – quite literally as it’s thought to have attacked humans who have gone too close to its young. Widely distributed across South East Asia, parts of India and Africa, the giant tropical specimen boasts a fat mouth and sharp pointed teeth, and will eat just about everything in or on a body of water, be it fish, bird, amphibian or mammal.

6. Viperfish

Moving to the bottom five of our top ten, we come to the Viperfish, another predatory nasty with a snaky moniker. Rather like its bioluminescent buddy the Anglerfish, the Viperfish keeps to the ocean’s lower reaches. At night, though, this gruesome looking member the bottom feeding brotherhood swims to shallower depths of less than 700 feet where food is more available. Mercifully we wouldn’t fall into the F-word category were we ever to come face to face with the Pacific Viperfish – an extra large specimen that that may demonstrate deep-sea gigantism, reaching as long as 2 m.

7. Fangtooth Fish

Another cruel-faced deep-dwelling assassin, and one of the deepest-dwelling at that, the Fangtooth fish is found at murky depths as far as 5 km below the surface. Endowed with oversized fang-like teeth and a hefty jaw, the Fangtooth’s two largest lower fangs are so long the fish has a pair of sockets on either side of its tiny brain for the teeth to slot into when it shuts its mouth.

8. Dragonfish

The deep-sea horrors continue, and the Dragonfish has the by know familiar outsized mouth and fang-like teeth that are hallmarks of the abyssal beasts we’ve seen – but, hey, they’ve got to eat, and anything encountered will do. The Dragonfish’s head seems to be all jaw and eyes, but unlike its relative the Viperfish, it has a barbel that dangles from its chin and emits light to attract unwary prey, rather like the lure of the Anglerfish.

9. Gulper Eel

With a mouth much larger than its body – a mouth that makes the word enormous seem too tiny – the Gulper Eel swims into our midst, whip-like tail in tow. This bizarre and terrifying looking creature also goes by the name of Pelican Eel, and that massive pouch of a lower jaw makes it easy to see why. The mouth is slack-hinged, and can be opened wide enough for the Gulper to swallow creatures much larger than itself, while the gut of this freaky fish also stretches so it can stomach large meals.

10. Conger Eel

Finally, moving to slightly less bottomless depths, its time to get up close and personal with the Conger Eel. It may not have as many fancy tricks up its crevice as its cousin the Moray, but with its great size and none too pretty chops, the carnivorous Conger Eel busts its way into the top ten.

Top 10 Most Beautiful And Colorful Fish

The mesmerizing feeling of warm sun rays leaning down into  tropical waters, and breaking back through the water’s vivid facade as it rebounds off the glistening scales of a rare fish provides an experience that stays in one’s memory for a lifetime. I thought I’d share some of the most beautiful species that I know in the waters. There are in the order i consider them the most vibrant and beautiful, since, beauty is, ofcourse, in the eye of the beholder.

1.Mandarinfish


The Mandarinfish or Mandarin dragonet , is a small, brightly-colored member of the dragonet family, which is popular in the saltwater aquarium trade. The mandarinfish is native to the Pacific, ranging approximately from the Ryukyu Islands south to Australia.

2.Juvenile Emporer Angel Fish

The emperor angelfish, Pomacanthus imperator, is a species of marine angelfish. It is a reef-associated fish, native to the Indian and Pacific Oceans, from the Red Sea to Hawaii and the Austral Islands.

3.Lionfish

A Lionfish is any of several species of venomous marine fish in the genera Pterois, Parapterois, Brachypterois, Ebosia or Dendrochirus, of the family Scorpaenidae. The lionfish is also known as the Turkey Fish, Scorpion or Fire Fish. They are notable for their extremely long and separated spines, and have a generally striped appearance, red, green, navy green, brown, orange, yellow, black, maroon, or white.

4.Clown Trigger Fish


The clown triggerfish, Balistoides conspicillum, is a triggerfish from the order Tetraodontiformes. This reef-associated fish is commonly found in the tropical Indo-Pacific

5.Nudibranch


A nudibranch  is a member of what is now a taxonomic clade, and what was previously a suborder, of soft-bodied, shell-less marine opisthobranch gastropod mollusks, which are noted for their often extraordinary colors and striking forms. The clade Nudibranchia is the largest clade within the heterobranchs, with more than 3,000 described species.

6.Symphysodon


Symphysodon are a genus of three species of cichlid freshwater fishes native to the Amazon River basin. Discus are popular as aquarium fish and their aquaculture in several countries in Asia is a major industry.

7.Mantis Shrimp


Mantis shrimp or stomatopods are marine crustaceans, the members of the order Stomatopoda. They are neither shrimp nor mantids, but receive their name purely from the physical resemblance to both the terrestrial praying mantis and the shrimp. They may reach 30 centimetres (12 in) in length, although exceptional cases of up to 38 cm (15 in) have been recorded. The carapace of mantis shrimp covers only the rear part of the head and the first three segments of the thorax. Mantis shrimp appear in a variety of colours, from shades of browns to bright neon colours. Although they are common animals and among the most important predators in many shallow, tropical and sub-tropical marine habitats they are poorly understood as many species spend most of their life tucked away in burrows and holes.

8.Moorish Idol

The moorish idol, Zanclus cornutus, is a small marine fish species, the sole representative of the the Family  Zanclidae  in order Perciform. A common inhabitant of tropical to subtropical reefs and lagoons, the moorish idol is notable for its wide distribution throughout the Indo-Pacific. A number of butterflyfishes  closely resemble the moorish idol.

9.Clownfish


Clownfish or anemonefish are fishes from the subfamily Amphiprioninae in the family Pomacentridae. About twenty-nine species are recognized, one in the genus Premnas, while the remaining are in the genus Amphiprion. In the wild they all form symbiotic mutualisms with sea anemones. Depending on species, clownfish are overall yellow, orange, reddish, or blackish, and many show white bars or patches. The largest reach a length of 18 centimetres (7.1 in), while the smallest barely reach 10 centimetres.

10.Rainbow Parrot Fish

Named Parrot fish because of their calcareous bird-like beaks. Parrot fish use these beaks to crush and eat the small invertebrates that live in coral. Much of the sand and sea floor of coral reefs are actually remains of meals from the parrot fish, they chew the coral, eat the invertebrates and spit out the leftover calcium. In most species, the initial phase is dull red, brown or grey, while the terminal phase is vividly green or blue with bright pink or yellow patches. The remarkably different terminal and initial phases were first described as separate species in several cases, but there are also some species where the phases are similar.

How to Set Up a Fish Tank – 6 Steps to Succeeding

OK, you have decided you want to know how to set up a fish tank so that you can get started with your latest passion. You now know and understand that the hobby of keeping an aquarium can not only be a beautiful hobby but a very soothing one as well. Some experts even say that watching fish in an aquarium is very good for your health because of its calming values. The key is to learn how to set up a fish tank before you get too far ahead of yourself.

When you have decided that it is time to learn how to set up a fish tank the first thing you need to know is there are lists of things you are going to need to get started. Of course you are going to need the fish tank, next you will need a filter system, then a heating system and the right kind of gravel will also be needed, then water and a fish tank lid with a light in it. Another important thing you will need to consider is ornaments for the inside of your tank. This could be anything from driftwood, bought fake ornaments to live or plastic plants.

Below you will find six simple steps as to how to set up a fish tank. These steps are just to help you scratch the surface and you should be responsible enough to find the materials to get the exact information that will be needed. At least this will give you sort of a list of how the steps should be followed.

1. Before you learn how to set up a fish tank you will need to make some decisions. The biggest one of all will be what kind of fish you decide to keep. Different fish require different care. For example fresh water fish are totally different from salt water fish. While fresh water fish are easier to maintain, the salt water fish are much nicer to watch but harder to bring up. Studying your options here can be part of your homework.

2. Of course from your research and the list above you should know exactly what you need by now. It’s time to head over to your pet store and purchase the items that will be needed now that you have an idea on how to set up a fish tank. Just remember you have done your research so be careful as to what the people at the store try to up sell you to.

3. You are finally home and the time to set up the tank has arrived. Probably the most important decision you will make is where you will put the tank. You want it somewhere so it can be enjoyed by everyone and the coolest thing about a beautiful fish tank is that it can easily be worked into the decor of a home. The next thing you will be doing is adding the filter, along with the heater, gravel and finally the water. Now there are two more things to do in this step. The first will be to turn the heater to the appropriate temperature and get all the decorations placed inside. Finally you can put the lid on and walk away.

4. I know you are excited because you took the time to learn how to set up a fish tank but your patience is still required. You want to wait at least a week; two would be better before adding any fish to the aquarium. I know this sucks but really it is what you must do. This allows time for the temperature to be adjusted to exactly what you need, it allows you to find out if the filter is working and of course by this time you will also know if there are any leaks in the tank.

5. The time has finally come. You have waited so patiently but now you get to go out and get your fish. I would imagine by now you have an idea of what kind of fish to get. The biggest tip I could give you is to make sure you pick breeds that are going to get along with each other. Of course only buy an amount that’s suitable to the size of your tank. Be sure to pick fish that look healthy. Of course keep the price inside your budget as well. Most importantly choose fish that you are going to enjoy watching for a long time to come.

6. Now that you have done all your homework and you learned how to set up a fish tank there is still one more very important step. That step is to make sure you learn everything about maintenance. Make sure you feed the fish, check the filters and so forth and so forth. Preventative maintenance will go along ways towards keeping your fish alive a lot longer.

There, now you know how to set up a fish tank. Just remember it is of vital importance that you do all your homework before hand. Take the time to get your hands on all the proper information and take the time to learn it. There is nothing worse than coming down in the morning to enjoy your beautiful fish and finding one or more floating on the top.

I wanted to leave you with a few more tips before you get on your way.

You will be using electrical equipment after you learn how to set up a fish tank. For your own safety only use them as to what is recommended.

Keep your lid on the tank. It has 2 very important purposes. It keeps the fish from jumping out and it keeps the water from evaporating too fast.

Make sure you have sufficient ornaments for those fish that you buy which may be shy. This will help them live a much easier life, thus they will live longer.

So now that you have read this article you can move forward into the fine details as in how to set up a fish tank.

Source:  http://ezinearticles.com/?How-to-Set-Up-a-Fish-Tank—6-Steps-to-Succeeding&id=3968744

How to Take Care of Fish – 3 Great Beginner Tips

Nobody knows how to take care of fish automatically but with a few tips and pieces of advice, you’ll soon see that it is not difficult at all. In this article, I’ll tell you how to make sure you have happy, well behaved fish that live for a long time.

Tip 1 – Mixing Fish

Every species of fish is different. Some prefer to live on their own. Others are more social. Some will fight if put together – this is quite common for males but can even occur between two females.

Fish sharing an aquarium should generally be of a similar size. If you place one fish with another that is much smaller then it stands a good chance of losing a few fins and may even be eaten, even if you are feeding your fish well!

Often, it is a good idea to mix regular tropical fish with bottom feeders like catfish. As they do not compete for food (tropical fish tend to aim for the surface of the watter) then these species are usually highly compatible tank mates.

Tip 2 – Environment

Fish don’t like to be stressed. Some species are totally unsuitable if you have children, for example, as the stress can kill them.

Fish should generally be kept away from large groups of people, loud music and direct sunlight.

You should also find out what kind of water your fish like. Many people overlook the temperature of the water and also its acidity.

If you don’t regulate both of these carefully then your fish may get stressed, live a short life and fail to breed.

Tip 3 – Cleaning

Cleaning is a necessary part of keeping fish. Again, how often you clean depends on the species of fish you are keeping. Regardless, the good news is that you don’t have to move your fish out of the tank to perform cleaning.

Obviously, when the water looks murky then the water needs changing. However, some species demand more water changing than others. For example, many cichlid experts will perform a water change on a daily basis.

There is a lot of bad advice out there that recommends changing the water once per week. For most species, this is not enough. You should be looking at doing water changes between three and six times per week.

Source:  http://ezinearticles.com/?How-to-Take-Care-of-Fish—3-Great-Beginner-Tips&id=3953569

Guppies – Live Birth Fish

t is true that most fish lay eggs. Guppies and Mollies are not one of these types of fish. They can have up to between 9 and a couple baby fish at the same time. They come in a variety of colors. If their tank is a little bit warmer than normal, it increases their mating capabilities. In order to effectively breed guppies you should a birthing tank that hooks onto the side of your large aquarium.

When labor is over then you can collect all the babies and put them in their own little tiny tank. Make sure that you do not over feed them. If the water turns cloudy then change the water immediately. The recommended way to change the water is to dump the water from the baby tank into the large aquarium where the eco-system’s algae eaters will eat all the gunk. Put the baby aquarium deep into the large aquarium and let the fresh water come in. The babies will go flying!

You should change their water about twice a week to make sure that they survive in ideal conditions. If one of the babies dies, then dump it into the big aquarium so the algae eaters can have a feast. If you do not have a baby aquarium then make sure to have lots of hiding places for your babies so they do not get eaten by other fish. This can be accomplished by putting tall grasses in corners or a wad of netting in a corner as well. The babies can go in and out of the holes but the larger fish will not be able to do so.

Waiting for your pregnant fish to have babies is so exciting! If you have never bought guppies before then you should really give it a try. The are rather inexpensive to purchase and they are a ton of fun!

Source:  http://ezinearticles.com/?Guppies—Live-Birth-Fish&id=3976549